Steel pipe is a building material made from a mixture of metals (iron and carbon) and has been used extensively in the construction industry and in the manufacturing industry applications. The system piping, steel pipes can be used for distribution of liquid and gas to commercial buildings and housing, as it is commonly used for domestic water supplies. This material also serves as a structural component for buffering.
There are several types of steel pipes are available in a variety of applications. The most common is carbon steel pipes, which do not contain other elements besides iron and carbon. Carbon steel pipes are widely available at a relatively affordable price, making it a popular choice for large-scale pipeline project. Stainless steel pipe is made from an alloy of steel and chromium and are more expensive than ordinary steel pipe on the market. Stainless steel pipes offer a higher corrosion resistance thus allowing smaller pipes and thinner for use in corrosive and acidic environments.
Judging from the way the manufacturing, steel pipe is available in two options, namely seamless pipes made using a piercing rod (lever awl), resulting in a smooth finish material without connection and welded pipes made from steel plate is rolled into a cylindrical shape, and then welded to close connections. Seamless steel pipe is more expensive than welded steel pipe, but the quality is also more reliable, especially in high pressure conditions. Although the welded pipe is cheaper but usually can not stand it and damaged the environment with high pressure.
Pipe has many sizes, ranging from the smallest to the size of 1/2 inch diameter to a very large size with a diameter of 72 inches or approximately 1.8 meters. In general, the material used for pipes and components are divided into two main categories, namely:
- Metallic (Metal)
- Non-metallic (non-metallic)
Pipe size pipe size is often used in the industry:
- Large Bore Pipe: namely pipes with a size greater than 2 Inch.
- Small Bore Pipe: namely pipes with a size of 2 inches down.
- Tubing: namely pipe having a size of up to 4 inches, but has the size of the pipe wall thickness is smaller when compared with a small bore and large bore.